In 1833, some 800 members of Bani Yas tribe, led by Maktoum Family, settled at the mouth of the creek. The creek being a natural harbor, dubai soon became a center for the fishing, pearling and sea trade.
By 20th century, Dubai became a successful port. The souk (Arabic for ‘market’) on the Deira side of the creek was the largest on the coast with 350 shops and a steady throng of visitors and businessmen.
During the 1950s, the late Ruler of Dubai, His Highness Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum, decided to have the waterway dredged. The project was very ambitious and costly. Upon completion the volumes of cargo handled increased tremendously, strengthening Dubai’s position as a major trading and re-export hub.
After discovering oil in 1966, His Highness Sheikh Rashid utilized the revenues to grow the infrastructure development. Schools, hospitals, roads, a modern telecommunications network… all these at a frenetic pace. A new port and terminal building was built at Dubai International Airport. Runway was extended so that it could accommodate any type of aircraft. The largest man made harbor in the world was constructed at Jebel Ali, and a free zone was created around the port.
In 1971, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain, Fujairah joined to create the United Arab Emirates. Ras AlKhaimah joined in 1972.
Sheikh Zayed, the first President of UAE, the UAE has developed into one of the richest countries in the world with a per capita GDP in excess of US$17000 per annum.
Dubai took a strategic decision to emerge as a major international-quality tourism destination in the 1980s and early 1990s. Investments in tourism infrastructure paid off with great returns over the years.
Dubai went on to create the largest man made islands known as the The Palm. Dubai has the tallest tower in the world known as Burj Khalifa. It also has the wolrd’s only 7star hotel, the Burj al Arab.